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wwxl Tile Floors August 15th, 2018 - 15:28:00
Glazed and Unglazed Tiles. Firstly. there are glazed and unglazed tiles; the glazed tiles can be cleaned very easily and do not stain as often as unglazed tiles. All you need to do is run a mop soaked in warm water with a mild detergent solution across them from time to time. The problem with glazed tiles is that they are very smooth and therefore can be quite slippery. This is dangerous. especially if the kitchen area is prone to water spillage or if there are young children in your home. To avoid this. you could choose unglazed tiles over glazed ones. Unglazed tiles will prevent the floor from being slippery and have an aesthetically pleasing textured surface. Then again. unglazed tiles will not be as durable as glazed ones - they will be relatively more prone to damage because they are not protected by that extra layer of glazing.
Prepare the Sub-Floor for the Tiling Process. After you are ready with your tools and before you begin tile flooring installation. you must first prepare the sub-floor for the ceramic tile flooring installation. This involves cleaning the sub-floor thoroughly and checking it for cracks. If you do find cracks. you must repair them. If any crack is too large to repair. that section of the floor must be replaced completely. If your floors are wooden make sure that they are supported well and are at least two inches thick so that they are able to withstand the weight of the tiles you are about to install on them. Once you have checked for cracks and cleaned all the debris off the sub-floor you are ready to begin with your ceramic tile flooring installation.
Fine. but how do you know if your floor meets the L/360 standard? We face this in the field all the time. but in remodeling. there`s not always a clear answer. There are published tables for calculating deflection. (including a really cool online calculator at http://www.johnbridge.com/vbulletin/deflecto.pl ) but they assume you have full knowledge of how the floor was built. To be able to use the engineering tables. you`d need to know how far apart the joists are. the length of the unsupported span. how thick the joists are. what type of wood and in what condition the wood is in. as well as how thick the plywood is. if any. Realistically. if all of this flooring is hidden by finished ceilings below and covered over by old flooring layers above. educated guessing takes center stage. The following questions help to determine floor stiffness using common sense guidelines
There are formulas used in the industry to determine if the subfloor has excessive `deflection` [bounciness. lack of rigidity]. The most cited one is the Tile Council of North America standard for deflection. which is stated as L/360 as a minimum. before tile underlayment is installed. L/360 means that the floor should not bend under weight more than the length (expressed in inches) of the unsupported span divided by 360. For example. if the span between supports runs for 20 feet then the deflection should not be more than 2/3" between the center and the end. L=20 x 12" = 240". L/360 = 240"/360 or 2/3". So 2/3" is the maximum amount of movement the center of the span should be allowed to move.