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wwxl Tile Floors August 10th, 2018 - 09:42:15
There are formulas used in the industry to determine if the subfloor has excessive `deflection` [bounciness. lack of rigidity]. The most cited one is the Tile Council of North America standard for deflection. which is stated as L/360 as a minimum. before tile underlayment is installed. L/360 means that the floor should not bend under weight more than the length (expressed in inches) of the unsupported span divided by 360. For example. if the span between supports runs for 20 feet then the deflection should not be more than 2/3" between the center and the end. L=20 x 12" = 240". L/360 = 240"/360 or 2/3". So 2/3" is the maximum amount of movement the center of the span should be allowed to move.
For plywood subfloors. be sure that the wood is at least 1 and 1/8 inches thick and is supported by an equally strong underlayment. Otherwise. your ceramic tiles will dislodge easily. or worse. break and need replacing. Concrete floors are the most ideal subfloor surface to work with. But before you can start installing ceramic tile flooring over it. it must be cleaned thoroughly. For dust and other debris. sweep and then mop your concrete subfloor surface. and allow it to dry completely. Smooth concrete surfaces must be rough sanded just like vinyl floors to allow the tiling mortar some grip.
What floor covering was on the floor before? If it had ceramic tile or stone. and the floor received reasonable traffic for years with no cracking or broken grout. it`s a pretty good bet that the subfloor is up to the job. If it was vinyl. carpet or hardwood. we are still in the dark.
Ceramic Tile Flooring - Remodeling Over Wood Subfloors. Before you can install a ceramic tile or stone floor. you need to know if the subfloor is even capable of supporting tile. Simply put. tile can be a durable. low maintenance. beautiful floor choice...if it`s on a solid substrate. Or it can be an expensive mistake that cracks. breaks and requires multiple repairs that may never work if the subfloor is not prepared correctly. What factors do you need to look out for to decide if tile is right for your project. and what steps can be taken to insure a trouble free installation?